Monitor HAProxy with Datadog
If you’ve already read our post on accessing HAProxy metrics, you’ve seen that it’s relatively simple to run occasional spot checks using HAProxy’s built-in tools.
To implement ongoing, meaningful monitoring, however, you will need a dedicated system that allows you to store, visualize, and correlate your HAProxy metrics with the rest of your infrastructure. You also need to be alerted when any system starts to misbehave. In this post, we will show you how to use Datadog to capture and monitor all the key metrics identified in Part 1 of this series, and more.
Integrating Datadog and HAProxy
Verify HAProxy’s status
Before you begin, you must verify that HAProxy is set to output metrics. To read more about enabling HAProxy statistics, refer to Part 2 of this series.
Simply open a browser to the stats URL listed in
haproxy.cfg. You should see something like this:
Install the Datadog Agent
The Datadog Agent is open source software that collects and reports metrics from all of your hosts so you can view, monitor, and correlate them on the Datadog platform. Installing the Agent usually requires just a single command. Installation instructions are platform-dependent and can be found here.
As soon as the Datadog Agent is up and running, you should see your host reporting basic system metrics in your Datadog account.
Configure the Agent
Next you will need to create an HAProxy configuration file for the Agent. You can find the location of the Agent configuration directory for your OS here. In that directory you will find another named haproxy.d. Inside will be an example configuration file,
conf.yaml.example. Copy this file to a name of your choice. You must edit the file to match the username, password, and URL specified in your
init_config: instances: - url: http://<YourHAProxyServer>:9000/haproxy_stats # username: username # password: password
If you’ve configured HAProxy to report statistics to a Unix socket, you can set
url to the socket’s path (e.g.
unix:///var/run/haproxy.sock). Run the following command to add the Agent user
dd-agent to the
haproxy group, so that it will have access to the socket:
gpasswd -a dd-agent haproxy
Save and close the file.
Restart the Agent
Restart the Agent to load your new configuration. The restart command varies somewhat by platform; see the specific commands for your platform here.
Verify the configuration settings
To check that Datadog and HAProxy are properly integrated, execute the Datadog
info command. The command for each platform is available here. If the configuration is correct, you will see a section resembling the one below in the
Checks ====== [...] haproxy ------- - instance #0 [OK] Last run duration: 0.00831699371338 - Collected 26 metrics & 0 events
Turn on the integration
Finally, click the HAProxy Install Integration button inside your Datadog account. The button is located under the Configuration tab in the HAProxy integration settings.
Show me the metrics!
Once the Agent begins reporting metrics, you will see a comprehensive HAProxy dashboard among your list of available dashboards in Datadog.
The default HAProxy dashboard, as seen at the top of this article, displays the key metrics highlighted in our introduction to HAProxy monitoring.
You can easily create a more comprehensive dashboard to monitor HAProxy as well as your entire web stack by adding additional graphs and metrics from your other systems. For example, you might want to graph HAProxy metrics alongside metrics from your NGINX web servers, or alongside host-level metrics such as memory usage on application servers. To start building a custom dashboard, clone the default HAProxy dashboard by clicking on the gear on the upper right of the dashboard and selecting Clone Dash.
Alerting on HAProxy metrics
Once Datadog is capturing and visualizing your metrics, you will likely want to set up some alerts to be automatically notified of potential issues.
With our recently released outlier detection feature, you can get alerted on the things that matter. For example. you can set an alert if a particular backend is experiencing an increase in latency while the others are operating normally.
Datadog can monitor individual hosts, containers, services, processes—or virtually any combination thereof. For instance, you can monitor all of your HAProxy frontends, backends, or all hosts in a certain availability zone, or even a single metric being reported by all hosts with a specific tag.
In this post we’ve walked you through integrating HAProxy with Datadog to visualize your key metrics and notify the right team whenever your infrastructure shows signs of trouble.
If you’ve followed along using your own Datadog account, you should now have improved visibility into what’s happening in your environment, as well as the ability to create automated alerts tailored to your infrastructure, your usage patterns, and the metrics that are most valuable to your organization.
If you don’t yet have a Datadog account, you can sign up for a free trial and start monitoring HAProxy right away.